Dark Circles Under Eyes -Types, Causes, Risk Factors, Prevention and Treatment

Dark circles under the eyes, often referred to as periorbital dark circles, can result from both exogenous and endogenous causes and can give your face a lifeless and worn-out appearance. Although proactive dark circle treatments can help, dark circles may not always be there.

Treating dark circles is crucial since they can make you appear drowsy even when you are not. Getting rid of dark circles is crucial for your confidence because they can harm your professional and personal outlook by making you look older and exhausted.

Dark Circles Under Eyes

Dark circles are a problem for adult men and women, but it’s very uncommon for kids to have them. This is due to the fact that ageing causes skin to shrink and collagen to be lost, which all contribute to the appearance of dark circles. Even though these elements have a bad effect on your skin and raise the likelihood of acquiring dark circles, fatigue and stress are likely contributing factors.

Your dark circles may be purple, dark brownish, or another colour depending on your skin tone. Another factor for the emergence of dark circles can be a change in lifestyle. Puffy eyelids, which can shadow the area under the eyes and cause dark circles, might be a symptom of localised edoema or of persons who have fluid-balance problems.

Types Of Dark Circles 

  • Pigmented dark circles (brown in colour): These dark circles may be caused by excessive melanin synthesis and inequitable pigmentation.
  • Vascular dark circles: These blue, pink, or purple discolorations, which occasionally include puffiness, are caused by facial skin thinning, which reduces blood flow and causes fluid to accumulate under the skin.
  • Combination of vascular, structural, and pigmentation factors define mixed dark circles.
  • Structural dark circles: These shadows are brought on by skin elasticity, fat loss beneath the skin, and eye bags.

Causes of Dark Circles Under Eyes

When the muscles and tissue supporting your eyelids deteriorate, it results in bags under the eyes. Skin may begin to sag, and fat that generally surrounds the eyes may begin to accumulate below the eyes. Additionally, the area behind your eyes may accumulate fluid, giving the appearance that it is swollen or puffy. This effect is caused by or is made worse by a number of variables, such as:

  • Aging
  • Fluid retention, particularly right after waking up or after a salty meal
  • allergies little sleep
  • Under-eye bags can spread in families if a person smokes
  • Skin diseases, dermatomyositis
  • kidney disease
  • thyroid eye disease, and other illnesses

Risk factors

Your chance of acquiring dark circles can be impacted by a number of variables, such as:

  • People with Mediterranean ethnicity are more likely to have dark circles under their eyes.
  • Genetics: You have a higher chance of developing dark circles if members of your family do. Actually, members of the same family tend to have dark rings more frequently.
  • Age: Dark circles, especially those with more marked pigmentation, are more common in older people.
  • The probability of acquiring dark circles can be increased by a number of medical illnesses, including inflammatory skin conditions and chronically fatigued sleep disorders.
Dark Circles Under Eyes -Types, Causes, Risk Factors, Prevention and Treatment

Treatment of Dark Circles Under Eyes 

Creams That Brighten Skin

You will be using skin lightening solutions to delicate areas of your face, so choosing the right ones is essential. It’s important to remember that the skin around your eyes is fragile and easily injured if you have persistent dark circles and wish to utilise skin lightening for dark circle removal.

A skin whitening lotion that is excessively potent can leave behind lasting scars. You should make sure that regular usage of skin-lightening solutions around the eyes speeds up the process of getting rid of the dark circles.

Additionally, you should think about making dietary changes because they will hasten the healing process and improve skin health.

Creams That Brighten Skin

Laser Therapy

Only T/T of Dark circles can be treated with this laser therapy, and Indian skin tones respond well to it. The most successful method of treating dark circles is laser therapy. Ablative and non-ablative lasers are the two types of lasers that can be classed. Furthermore, periorbital hyperpigmentation has been successfully treated using a variety of noninvasive lasers that focus on pigment and vascularity.

Dark circles can be categorised according to their intensity, which aids in selecting the best therapy that is categorised according to their appearance. It is best to use the laser correctly by identifying your dark circles in order to achieve the best results. Different types of dark circles call for different kinds of lasers.

Based on the wavelengths, pulse duration, and degree of skin absorption, the treatment is applied. The least intrusive procedure is believed to be pulsed dye or diode laser because of how minimally invasive it is. Dark circles can be treated by focusing high or low power lights on the affected area depending on the wavelengths, pulse features, and radiant exposure.

Laser Therapy

Chemical Peels

In a surgical technique performed by board-certified dermatologists, light chemical agents are administered to the skin, causing the skin’s outermost layer to flake off. The new skin that develops afterward seems to be smoother and clearer. This treatment is applied to the hands, neck, and face.

Common chemical agents used in this process include glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid, or carbolic acids. Glycolic acid is an example of an Alpha hydroxyl acid that can be used to lighten hyperpigmentation under the eyes. For improved results, topical treatments and chemical peels have recently been used.

Skin exfoliation may not be the only benefit of chemical peels. Along with removing dead skin cells, deep peeling reduces wrinkles brought on by UV damage and helps to get rid of fine lines around the mouth and eyes. It also helps in fading melasma, freckles, dark spots, age spots, and acne scars.

Chemical Peels

Heat-Based Rejuvenation And Skin Tightening

Also referred to as Thermi, heat-based rejuvenation is a noninvasive, carefully controlled tissue heating procedure. By tightening the skin, this procedure helps reduce under-eye bags and dark circles. Most of the time, the procedure is painless and doesn’t require any downtime. For the optimum outcomes, six to ten sessions are typically required.

Heat-Based Rejuvenation And Skin Tightening

Procedures For Autologous Fat Transplantation

Autologous fat transplantation is a good treatment for dark circles since they are brought on by the thin, transparent skin around the eyes. In this situation, the under-eye area, the impacted areas include employing the patient’s body fat to plump them. It’s a productive way to get rid of dark circles.

Procedures For Autologous Fat Transplantation


When the delicate skin around the eyes begins to thin and develop dark circles, fillers are a viable alternative. The area around the eyes might be injected with hyaluronic acid gel or platelet-rich plasma to rejuvenate the face by forming new fatty tissues.

If you have dark circles under your eyes from pigmented vascular tissues, fillers won’t be of any use. For those who don’t have a lot of volume under the eyes, fillers are a good option. The fatty areas of the face thin out with age, giving the cheeks and the skin beneath the eyes a tired, hollow appearance. It’s possible that genetics or your face’s form, rather than ageing, is to blame.

Fillers might assist in creating a seamless transition between the upper cheek and lower eye areas and a natural lift. The greatest fillers available are HA fillers, which can last up to a year despite minor repairs made during the year and offer natural under-eye effects and a gentle blend around the eye area. You must schedule routine appointments with the dermatologist to maintain the balance between “not too much and not too little filler.”



A surgical procedure called blepharoplasty removes the black circle, which is brought by by fat deposits or extra skin. This technique, also known as eye bag surgery, helps to surgically repair wrinkles and loose skin in the area under the lower eye. The flexibility of the skin declines with age, giving you puffy, wrinkled skin.

By having under-eye surgery, you can get back your youthful appearance. In order to get a firm appearance, the excess skin and fat are removed, and the under-eye area is surgically stitched together. Precision and a cautious approach are required for the surgery since the eye muscles and eyeball are sensitive areas that need to be handled with care.

The skin under the eyes is extremely sensitive, so precautions must be taken beforehand. Because of this, such invasive procedures must be performed by a certified dermatologist with experience.

Only local or general anaesthesia may be used for this surgery. The procedure could take three hours. There could be bleeding, bruising, and/or pain. You must keep a cold compress on your body for the first two days after surgery and recuperate from the procedure over the course of two weeks.


Prevention of Dark Circles Under Eyes 

You can avoid developing dark circles by leading a healthy lifestyle. Here are some good routines to get into.

8 hours of sleep: According to studies, stress levels are linked to an increase in the appearance of dark circles; nevertheless, a balanced lifestyle and regular sleep cycles can help to reduce discolouration. Maintain a regular sleeping schedule and try to get at least 8 hours each day.

Protection against sun exposure: Wearing UV-resistant sunglasses and applying sunscreen around the eyes can help reduce the risk of developing dark circles under the eyes. Try to find UV-protected eyewear and sunscreen with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) of 30 or higher.

Reducing alcohol and tobacco use: Smoking and drinking can hasten the onset of wrinkles and grey hair, as well as the appearance of dark under-eye circles. Reducing your alcohol consumption can also make you look less bloated and puffy, which will assist conceal the appearance of dark circles.

There are various natural solutions that can help lessen the occurrence of dark circles. They don’t guarantee a cure for pigmentation, but they do help to diminish it without causing any negative effects. For milder cases of dark circles where the issue is not chronic, these natural solutions are effective.

Cold pads on the eyes assist to constrict blood vessels, which lessens the visibility of dark circles.

Sleeping properly: As previously noted, getting a good night’s sleep each night can aid with dark circle reduction.

Slices of cucumber applied to the eyes can help with relaxation and reduce puffiness. Cucumbers contain a lot of silica, which is essential for keeping tissues healthy. Additionally, it has water and vitamin C, which encourage skin hydration and nourishment.

Teabags: Soaked tea bags can be placed on your eyes to lessen puffiness and dark circles. Boiling tea bags can also be used as a cooling pad for the eyes by putting them in the refrigerator. You can make herbal tea, green tea, or black tea. Tea bags’ caffeine has antioxidant qualities that promote the blood flow around the eyes.

Massages of the facial muscles in a gentle, rhythmic motion can improve blood flow to the area around the eyes and reduce the likelihood of developing dark circles. It’s important to keep in mind, though, that the chemicals used or inappropriate massage techniques in some cases during facials can result in an allergic reaction. Make sure to conduct a patch test prior to using any product on your face.

Almond oil and vitamin E: Antioxidant under-eye roll-ons with vitamin C and E considerably lessen dark circles. Gently massage the area around your eyes and under them with a mixture of almond oil and vitamin E that is equal parts in each. The removal of dark circles might be aided by performing this right before night and then bathing the region with cold water.

Vitamin K: Apply a pad containing caffeine and vitamin K beneath the eyes to help with the appearance of wrinkles and dark circles.

Makeup: People use concealers or colour correctors to cover up dark circles even though makeup does not treat them. Consult a dermatologist right away if you experience a response.

Note: All ages of people commonly complain about having dark circles beneath their eyes. Age, heredity, allergies, or lack of sleep are the usual culprits. The appearance of your under eyes may be improved with the use of home remedies and medical procedures. However, make sure to consult your doctor if your dark circles don’t go away or if you have a lot of puffiness. They can assist you in identifying any underlying medical conditions that require specialised care.

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